The Opposing Forces at Kernstown, March 23d, 1862
THE UNION ARMY.
Brigadier-General James Shields (w), Colonel Nathan Kimball. Staff loss: w, 1.
First Brigade, Col. Nathan Kimball (also commanded the division on the field of battle): 14th Ind., Lieut.-Col. William Harrow; 8th Ohio, Col. Samuel S. Carroll; 67th Ohio, Lieut.-Col. Alvin C. Voris; 84th Pa., Col. William Q. Murray (B). Brigade loss: k, 45; w, 200; m, 1=246.
Second Brigade, Col. Jeremiah C. Sullivan: 39th Ill., Col. Thomas O. Osborn; 13th Ind. Lieut.-Coler; 5th Ohio, Lieut.-Col. John H. Patrick; 82d Ohio. Col. Francis B. Pond. Brigade loss: k. 23; w, 69=92.
Third Brigade, Col. Erastus B. Tyler: 7th Ind. Lieut.- Col. John F. Cheek; 7th Ohio, Lieut.-Col. William X. Creighton; 29th Ohio, Col. Lewis P. Buckley; 110th Pa., Col. William D. Lewis, Jr.; 1st W. Va. Col. Joseph Tho- burn. Brigade loss: k, 43; w, 171; m, 21=235.
Cavalry, Col. Thornton B. Brodhead: 1st Squadron Pa., Capt. John Keys; Indpt. Co's, Md., Captains Henry D. Cole, William Firey, and John Horner; Ist W. Va. (Battalion), Maj. B. F. Chamberlain; Ist Ohio (Co's A and C), Capt. Nathan D. Menken; 1st Mich. (Battalion), Lieut.-Col. Joseph T. Copeland. Cavalry loss: k, 1(; w, 6=9.
Artillery. Lieut.-Col. Philip Daum: A. W. Va., Capt. John Jenks; B, W.Va.; H, 1st Ohio, Capt. James F. Hunting- ton; L, 1st Ohio, Capt. Lucius N. Robinson: E, 4th U.S. Capt. Joseph C. Clark, Jr. artillery loss: k. 4; w, 2=6.
Total loss (March 22d and 23d): killed, 118; wounded, 450; missing, 22 =590.
General Shields reports (" Official Records," XII., Pt. I., p. 312): " Our force in infantry, cavalry, and artillery did not exceed 7000. . . . We had 6000 infantry, a cavalry force of 750, and 24 pieces of artillery."
THE CONFEDERATE ARMY.
Major-General Thomas J. Jackson.
Garnett's Brigade, Brig.-Gen. R. B. Garnett : 2d Va., Col. J. W. Allen; 4th Va., Lieut.-Col. Charles a. Ronald, Maj. A. G. Pendleton; 5th Va., Col. William H. Harman; 27th Va., Col. John Echols (w), Lieut.-Col. A. J. Grigsby; 33d Va. Col. Arthur C. Cummings; Va. Battery (Rockbridge art'y). Capt. William McLaughlin; Va. Battery (West Augusta art'y), Capt. James H. Waters; Va. Battery, Capt. Joseph Carpenter. Brigade loss: k, 40; 168; m, 153 =361.
Burks's Brigade, Col. Jesse S. Burks: 21st Va., Lieut.-Col. John M. Patton, Jr; 42d Va., Lieut.-Col. D. L. Langhorne; Ist Va. (Irish) Battalion, Capt. D. B. Bridgford; Va. Battery. Lieut. James Pleasants. Brigade loss: k, 24; w, 114; m, 39=167.
Fulkerson's Brigade, Col. Samuel V. Fulkerson: 23d Va., Lieut.-Col. Alex. G. Taliaferro: 37th Va., Lieut.-Col. R. P. Crtrson; Va. Battery (Danville Art'y), Lieut. A. C. Lanier. Brigade loss: k, 15; w, 76; m, 71=162.
Cavalry, 7th Va., Col. Turner Ashby; Va. Battery, Capt. R. P. Chew. Cavalry loss: k, 1; w, 17 =18.
Total loss (March 22d and 23d): killed, 80; wounded, 375; missing 263 = 718.
General Jackson, in his report ("Official Records," XII., Pt. I., p. 383), says: " Our number present on the evening of the battle was, of infantry, 3087, of which 2742 were engaged; 27 pieces of artillery, of which 18 were engaged. Owing to recent heavy cavalry duty and the extent of country to be protected, only 290 of this arm were present to take part in the engagement."