Bradley Tyler Johnson

Bradley Tylet Johnson        Bradley Tyler Johnson was born in Frederick City, Maryland, 29 September, 1829. He graduated from Princeton University in 1849 and was admitted to the Maryland bar in 1851. A leader in the State Democratic party, Johnson fervently worked for self-determination in Maryland. He was the Democratic candidate for comptroller of the state in 1857, chairman of the Democratic state central committee in 1859-'60, delegate to the National Democratic convention at Charleston and Baltimore in 1860, and withdrew with a majority of the Maryland delegation from the convention and united in the nomination of Breckinridge and Lane. His sense of honor and devotion to his state led him to form a militia company in his hometown of Frederick, Maryland, which became part of the First Maryland Infantry. Johnson was elected major and later was promoted to lieutenant colonel (July 1861) and to colonel (March 1862). The First Maryland fought at First Manassas, served under Gen. Thomas J. Stonewall Jackson during the 1862 Shenandoah Valley campaign and participated in the Seven Days Battles. At Harrisburg, June 6, 1862, Colonel Johnson had his horse shot under him, and on the death of Gen. Turner Ashby, Johnson with his regiment "drove the enemy off with heavy loss," capturing Lieut.-Col. Thomas C. Kane of the Pennsylvania "Bucktails"; and in the battle of Cross Keys, June 8, 1862, by direction of General Ewell, he carried one of the captured bucktails, the insignia of their beaten foe, affixed to his colors as a trophy. The remnant of his regiment, decimated by loss, was mustered out of service, and Johnson joined the staff of Stonewall Jackson.

        Johnson was assigned temporary command of Gen. John Robert Jones brigade during Second Manassas and in the raid around Pope's army captured a messenger with important dispatches, that disclosed to Jackson the tactics of the Federal commanders. Later, he acted as provost marshal of Frederick in the Sharpsburg campaign. He next served on a military court in Richmond. In November 1863, Johnson assumed command of the Maryland Line and in June of the next year was promoted to brigadier general to replace Gen. William E. Grumble Jones, who was killed in the Battle of Piedmont. His services in defeating Dahlgren on his raid toward Richmond were recognized in a general order, and General Wade Hampton presented him with a saber. In Gen. Jubal Earlys raid on Washington in July 1864, Johnson led an aborted attempt to liberate Confederate prisoners at Point Lookout, Maryland. Johnson and Gen. John McCausland led the raid on Chambersburg, carrying out Earlys orders to burn the town. After Johnsons brigade was routed at Moorefield, West Virginia, in August, he and McCausland disputed responsibility for the disaster. Johnson requested a court of inquiry, but none was ever convened. Johnsons brigade participated in the 1864 Shenandoah Valley campaign, and in November, he was relegated to command a prison at Salisbury, North Carolina, where he served until the close of the war. When the prisoners were actually starving, General Johnson stopped a train bound for the Army of Northern Virginia, took from it the provisions with which it was freighted, and used them to feed the prisoners. At the same time he asked to be allowed to carry the prisoners to Goldsboro and release them on parole, and urged upon Governor Vance, of North Carolina, the propriety of furnishing them with blankets and clothes from the depots of the state.

        After the war, Johnson practiced law in Richmond. In 1872 he was a delegate to the National Democratic convention at Baltimore. In 1875 he published "Reports of Chase's Decisions on the 4th Circuit," and in the same year was elected to the senate of Virginia. In 1877 he made a report from the committee on finance on the public debt of Virginia, and in 1879, as chairman of the joint committee on Federal relations, he prepared the report on the question of the Federal judicial jurisdiction in its relation to the jurisdiction of the state courts. In 1879 he removed to Baltimore. In 1883 he published an examination of the "Foundation of Maryland and the Maryland Act concerning Religion." In 1884 he was president of the electoral college of Maryland. He wrote and spoke frequently on the war, demonstrating his eloquence, humor and passion for the South. He is the author of: Chase's Decisions (1876); The Foundation of Maryland (1883); Memoirs of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston (1891); General Washington in the "Great Commanders "series (1894); The Confederate History of Maryland (1899); and the article: "Stonewall Jackson's Intentions at Harper's Ferry" in Battles and Leaders of the Civil War.

        In 1903, Johnson died at Amelia, Virginia, and is buried in Loudon Park Cemetery, Baltimore.

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